The Origins of the Ulema's Political Ideas during the Oil Nationalization Movement (Emphasizing Ayatollah Kashani's Views)

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 


Hamideh Daneshjou / MA of the History of Islamic Iran from Ferdowsi University of Mashh                                                                                               

Hadi Vakili / Associate Professor at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Received: 2019/04/10 - Accepted: 2019/07/04


The nationalization of the oil industry is one of the important developments in the contemporary history of Iran. Although national and religious forces have fought together against internal tyranny and foreign colonialism, nationalists have played a greater role in the movement so far, and the role of the ulema in this movement has been less emphasized. Therefore, in this article, it is attempted to study the role and position of the ulema and religious authorities in the nationalization of oil, considering the origins of their political ideas during the movement, using historical sources and a descriptive-analytical approach.

Keywords: Oil Nationalization Movement, Ayatollah Kashani, Political Thoughts of the Ulema and Religious Authorities.


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