The Economic and Social Dimensions of Importing Luxury Goods to Iran

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 

Saeed Mohammad-beigi / M.A. in Islamic Economics, IKI
Received: 2020/04/28 - Accepted: 2020/07/01
Liberal economics, based on the principles of economic freedom, believes that human economic behavior enjoys natural freedom and has no constraints. In contrast, the Islamic school of economics, in addition to the principle of economic freedom, considers certain restrictions and values in the economy. Using a descriptive-analytical method, this paper studies the economic and social dimensions of importing luxury goods to Iran, based on the definition of economic freedom in Islam and the economic conditions of Iran. Proponents of importing these goods believe that such imports will increase tax revenues, reduce the smuggling of luxury goods, reduce the outflow of currency from the country, increase the production boom and provide the preconditions for globalization. Emphasizing the ban on importing these goods into the country, opponents believe that, importing luxury goods destroys the country's limited exchange resources, increases the social gap between income deciles, increases psychological and social harm, promotes a tendency towards luxury goods and as a result promotes consumerism. Examining the views of proponents and opponents show that, basically, the economic and social costs of importing these goods outweigh the benefits and have no so-called economic justification, because the nature of luxury goods are mainly consumer goods and it contradicts the development of the domestic production cycle. 
Keywords: behavior of consumer, consumption culture, domestic products, luxury goods, consumption pattern modification.

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