A Comparative Study of Spiritual Intelligence and Prophets’ Infallibility in Psychology, the Qur'an and Hadiths

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 

Mustafa Abbasi Moghaddam / Assistant Professor, Department of the Qur'anic and Hadith Sciences, Kashan University    abasi1234@gmail.com
Fahimeh Gholaminejad / PhD Student of the Qur'an and Hadith, Kashan University    fahimeh.gholaminejad@grad.kashanu.ac.ir
Khadijeh Zeyinavandnejad / PhD Student of the Qur'an and Hadith, Kashan University    zeinivand.khadije@gmail.com 
Received: 2021/08/11 - Accepted: 2021/12/18

Today, the psychology of religion has developed in the light of the attention of psychologists to the relationship between religion and spirituality. Spiritual intelligence entails having multiple levels of consciousness, and these levels affect our relationship with the material world. Spiritual intelligence integrates mental subjects with external tasks in the real world and intertwines the two elements of objective application and the abilities of intelligence and spirituality. In other words, spiritual intelligence means the transformation of ideas and the use of new thoughts and attitudes in problem solving, repair and two-way adaptation to the environment according to the accepted value system for the betterment of oneself and the environment. In Islamic thoughts, we encounter a spiritual and transcendent personality with the highest level of infallibility and incapability of making mistakes based on which the relationships among the components of spiritual intelligence can be measured. Using the descriptive-analytical method as well as the concept of spiritual intelligence and matching it with the characteristics of the Holy Prophet in the Qur'an, this research aims to study the dimensions of the holy prophet’s spiritual intelligence. This is done by examining the components of spiritual intelligence at three levels (spiritual intelligence in relation to God, in relation to oneself and in relation to others); four components in relation to God, four components in relation to oneself and 11 components in relation to people. Inspired by the guidelines of the Holy Quran, the component of God-given knowledge, mystical unveiling and certainty, which are not mentioned in psychology and indicate divine grace in the infallibility of the Holy Prophet, will be explained.
Keywords: Holy Qur'an, Holy Prophet, infallibility, spiritual intelligence, intelligence, spirituality.

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