Monotheistic Manifestations and its Stages in Hakim Sanai's Book of Poems

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 

Hamze Mohammadi Dehcheshmeh / PhD student in Persian language and literature University of Kashan


Mojgan Jahandar / PhD student in Persian Language and Literature, Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord

Received: 2019/08/13 - Accepted: 2020/03/15


Sana’i is the true founder of the mystical system that has dominated the minds and hearts for centuries. In addition to Sufi texts such as Ghazali's Sawaneh and Lawaieh attributed to ‘Ayn al-Qudhat and Meybodi’s Kashf al-Asrar, one can find his poems in Rumi’s Masnavi and Fihi Ma Fihi, and etc. Considering that monotheism is one of the mystical issues that is widely reflected in Sanai’s works, this paper seeks to study monotheism and monotheistic manifestations in the works of this precious poet. The findings show that, Sanai’s views on God’s actions sometimes come close to Ash’arite. In some debates, such as monopoly of actions to God, Sanai approaches Ash’ari, but by proposing the ideas of other sects, such as the Shiites, he intends to unite the Islamic sects.

Keywords: mysticism, monotheism, Ash’arites, Sana’i, negative attributes.

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