The Significance and Position of Love (1)

Ayatollah 'Allamah Mohammad Taqi Misbah


The present paper elaborates on Imam Sajjad's Munajat al- Moridin (whispered prayer of the devotees). In this part of the whispered prayer, Imam Sajjad refers to the highest degree of love and ardent love. The question that arises here is: Is the love of God something obligatory or something recommended and a virtue? The answer is: there are different types of love. The first is the belief in God which is of the essence in love. If one claims belief in God but ignores His decrees and does not abide by the obligations, then his belief in God is by no means true.

The other type is the love whose obligatory preliminary and desirability has instrumental and unfair aspects. The type of love of God that stimulates one to do the obligations and abstain from sins is, in terms of obligatory preliminary, logically necessary.

Also, love of God has recommended levels. However, the highest level of love of God is that in which one believes that all kinds of perfection belong to God and there is no independent beyond the divine perfection.

Key words: God, love of God, love, levels of love, love by essence, love by accident.



The Principles of the Study of Nature and Its Educational Implications in the Holy Quran and Nahjul- Balāghah

Seyyed Hamid Reza 'Alawi


"Nature" is considered as one of the main "sources of knowledge" in the philosophy of Islamic education and one can reach the highest degrees of knowledge through such tools like senses, mind, and heart. Accordingly, the study of nature is one of the most important subjects along with theology, anthropology, cosmology, and thanatology, which can greatly contribute to educational issues.

The present paper tries to extract and explain some of the basic features of "nature" from the Holy Quran and Nahjul- Balāghah and apply them as "principles of education". To this end, a descriptive- analytical method in the form of theoretical research and library survey techniques have been used.

According to the research findings, these features as nature are: systematic quiddity, purposive quiddity, systematic entity, orderly entity, and beautiful entity of nature and nature as a sign of God.

Key words: the Quran, Nahjul- Balāghah, naturology (the study of nature), principles of education, educational implications.



Etiquette of Cordial Relations in the Words of Imam Hassan Mojtaba (peace be upon him)

Nargis Mohammadniya Galeshkalami, Feyzollah Akbari Dastak


Due to the fact that the life of the Fourteen Infallibles who are the pioneers of the path of perfection and real wayfarers of the path of God is of great importance to the Shiite followers, and considering that man is a social being and his acquaintance with the etiquette of cordial relations has special effect, it is necessary to review what these dignitaries say in this concern. An analysis of words of Imam Hassan Mojtaba as a perfect example of perfect man on etiquette cordial relations is certainly a lightening lamp for those who enthusiastically seek for the right path.

The present paper aims at getting familiar with the etiquette of cordial relations and its modus operands in religious texts with emphasis on Imam Hassan Mojtaba's words. It is intended to enable the young generation benefit from the results of this study and make them familiar with "Imam Hassan pure thought" as well.

Key words: etiquette, social relations, sayings, Imam Hassan Mojtaba, the Fourteen Infallibles, social, morality.



The Features of the Model of Waiting -for –Imam Asr Family

Maryam Najafi Livari, Nargis Mohammadniya Galeshkalami


Waiting –for– Imam Asr Notion is one of the most important religious beliefs in Shi'ism and the promotion of the culture of this belief among families has an important role in the religious education of Muslim society. An inquiry into the features of the model of waiting –for– Imam Asr family can have an important role in the practical acceptance of the belief in the Promised Imam.

Consequently, young and juvenile generation need to be familiar with Imamate, Welayat (guardianship), the Promised Imam, and Mahdism and recognize the pathology of this issue. Waiting –for– Imam Asr culture can be strengthened within the family. Having the features of the model of such family necessitates abiding by Ahlul Bayt's instructions and observing their life style. Strengthening the belief in Promised Imam and giving especial attention to refinement of soul within the in family and bringing up children religiously have important role in changing this holy institution into a waiting –for– Imam Asr family.

Key words: Waiting –for– Imam Asr family, Waiting –for– Imam Asr belief, Imam Mahdi, Mahdism, religion, education.



The Factors and Grounds for Developing Relations between Girls and Boys; an Approach to Personality Factors

Seyyed Reza Musawi


Adolescence is a period of special importance in the formation of one's personality. The disorder in any personality components (rational, mental, emotional, moral, behavioral, etc) has a negative effect on all the existential dimensions of a person. Therefore, destructive relations between girls and boys are considered as an indicator of youth's personality disorder. The present research sheds light on the factors and personality components of the relations between boys and girls, according to the Quranic verses, the Fourteen Infallibles' traditions, and psychological findings. This research is a qualitative survey in which a descriptive- analytical method is used. The research findings show that there is a direct relationship between personality and the proper and improper relation between boys and girls. In other words, one's personality has a crucial effect on one’s behavior, emotions, and reaction towards the opposite sex. Irrational behavior of boys and girls gradually effect the formation of their habits, ethics, and in brief, results in developing vulnerable personality.

Key words: the limits of relations, vulnerable personality, pathology, relations between boys and girls.



Problem-Solving Skill and Its Role in Life

Ali Husseinzadeh


The present paper is concerned with problem-solving skill. A close study of a problem, its dimensions and how to solve it helps one to take a paper way to achieve his aims. This skill provides man with a comprehensive and broad perspective that makes him feel triumphant when encountering with problems and consider there is no loser. Those who are related with one another and seek for success will not feel they are losing if they make use of this skill. The different stages of problem-solving process provide man with natural readiness to realistically review problems and solve them with less stress.

The present paper, relying on psychological principles and referring to Quranic verses and traditions, elaborates on the different stages of problem-solving skill, using a content analysis method. The research findings show that lack of skill to solve problems is an outcome of self-unconsciousness. One’s knowledge of oneself and one’s abilities enables one to discern the different solutions of problem, after the problem is accurately defined. When one organizes the ways of solving the problem, it will be possible for one to take a firm decision on the implementation, and making further review and evaluation of the chosen solution contributes to the solutions of life problems.

Key words: problem-solving, self-knowledge, planning, evaluation, decision making.



Pathology of Thought in Educational Organizations

Raziyeh Emami, Mohammad Najafi


Thinking is among the basic aims of education which every system tries to achieve. The present paper explores the factors which prevent or harm thought in the educational institutions. So, investigating the pathos of thinking and the results of lack of religious thought is among the important issues. Using a descriptive- analytical method and library resources, and adopting a religious approach, this paper holds that thought is the key to sound decisions, the origin of obtaining insight, the way of acquiring knowledge and the basis of human life. The stability of any society depends on its intellectual life. A society will not lead an agreeable life without building its intellectual life. It seems that man’s thought will be rewarding if man has faith in its originality and if the society is safe and sound. Therefore, man can use this God-given power to achieve happiness and perfection and so no damage from within or obstacle from outside will threaten or restrict his thought.

Key words: thought, pathos of thought, educational institution.