ABSTRACTS


ABSTRACTS

Ahmad; the Promised Prophetby Abul Fadl Ruhi

According to the Quran, Jesus Christ had reported that a prophet named "Ahmad" would come after him.

     Here, it is recommended that a researcher investigate such questions like; where the mentiond glad tidings have been reported, what words Jesus Christ has used in his description of the Prophet of Islam and whether there is any trace of such glad tidings in the texts of the present-day Bible.

     Attempting to examine the verse on the glad tidings reported by Jesus Christ, the author deals with the questions above, gathering evidence from the New Testament and Old Testament and citing verses which might be concerned with Muhammads prophethood. Due to the alteration of the original version of the Bible, we cannot claim that the Bibles account of the stated glad tidings is definitely the same as that of the Quran.

Key words: Ahmad, Jesus Christ, the Quran, the New Testament andthe Old Testament.

 

The Bible in the View of the Quranby Ali Asadi

The original four texts of the Bible are considered as the most famous ones. Although an extensive study has been made about the history of writing the Bible and authenticity of the scribes and chains of transmission, no firm decision has been reached in this concern, and it is confirmed by many authorities that in addition to the serious doubts, unsound and odd beliefs have been detected.

     The word injeel (Bible) appears twelve times in the Holy Quran, having the singular from. The Quran refers to the Bible as a number of verses revealed to Jesus Christ (peace be upon him), and attests to the rightfulness of the Torah. Also, it points to the glad tidings included in the Bible concerning the prophethood of Muhammad and his universal message, the distortion of the contents of the Bible and the deletion of some of its teachings. The Holy Quran, therefore, affirms that the Bible was revealed in the form of verses, not in the form of a book.

     There is no evidence to confirm that Christ had put these verses in writing in his lifetime. Although there are various versions of the Bible including the formally accepted four texts which belong to the early time or to later times, the Holy Quran stresses on its Jesus Christ.

being one single text and on its being revealled to Jesus (peace be upon him). So, according to the Quran, no one of the contemporary versions of the Bible represents the original version which was revealed to Jesus, but the Quranic verses implicitly attest to the authenticity of the text which is identical to the original version which has undergone no distortion.

Key words: the Bible, the Torah, the New Testament, the Bible of Jesus, the teachings of the Bible, divinity.

 

The Reality of Prophethood according to Prepatetic Philosophy and Imamiyyah Theologyby Muhammad Ali Jawadi



In their study of the reality of prophethood, prepatetic philosophers seem to be influenced by the holistic view of philosophy concerning the entire existence. This their perception is said to be earthly and human. A philosopher is viewed as a human being who resides on the earth seeking to understand the existence through his or her earthly intellect and to perceive nature and what is beyond nature from a natural perspective. Those who advocate this trend, try to bring out the difference between the prophet and other people by studying the prophets character and psychological features thoroughly, and they assume that it is the prophets excellent elequent speech as well as his motive and imaginative powers that lend him priority over the others, and it is these very merits that fit him for prophethood and for communicating with Alam al Malakut (the World of Angels).

     As for theologians, they perceive things from a metaphysical angle because theology itself is committed to religiousity and sees things from a religious perpective. Therefore, theologians belief that it is Allah who selects a man for prophethood represents the very reality of prophethood.

     Consequently, neither the theologian ignores the inhernet merits of prophet nor the philosopher disregards the principle of Allahs selection of prophet.

Key words: prophethood, prepatetic philosphy, al - Farabi, ibn- Sina, Imamiyyah theology,

intellect, imagination, revelation.

 

From Holy War to Holy PeaceSayyed Jalal Imam

The hosility shown by the westerners towards Islam, their attempts to present Islam as a war-seeking faith and their accusing the Muslims of inciting "holy war" have prompted Muslim writers to stand firmly against such plots and uncover the truth.

     This article reviews some excerpts from the Torah, the Bible and the Quran and constracts between them, shedding light on the share of the Torah in stimulating the Jews to warfare. On the other hand, the author gathers a number of verses related to peace and amiability from the aforementioned holy Books to conclude that abiding by such verses is an effective means of overcoming religious fanaticism and prevailing peace and aimiability in the world.

Key words: holy war, holy peace, the Qurn, the Torah, the Bible, holy texts, the Prophet of Islam,.