Abstracts

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 
3000تومان

  

The Manifestation of the Servanthood of True Believers and Shi'ites

Ayatollah Allameh Mohammad Taqi Misbah

Abstract

This paper examines the servanthood of true believers and Shi'ites. With regard to the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth signs of the true Shi'a and the righteous, Amir al-Mu'minan says:

«يَسْتَبْطِئُ‏ نَفْسَهُ‏ فِي‌الْعَمَلِ وَ‌هُوَ مِنْ صَالِحِ عَمَلِهِ عَلَى وَجَلٍ، يُصْبِحُ وَ‌شُغْلُهُ الذِّكْرُ وَ‌يُمْسِي وَ‌هَمُّهُ الشُّكْرُ، يَبِيتُ حَذِراً مِنْ سِنَةِ الْغَفْلَةِ وَيُصْبِحُ فَرِحاً لِمَا أَصَابَ مِنَ الْفَضْلِ وَالرَّحْمَة»؛

"They regard themselves as negligent and remiss in their deeds, and are not even assured about their righteous deeds; they invoke the name of God until morning, and thank God until night. When they go to sleep, they are afraid of a sleep of negligence, and they wake up in the morning while they are happy with the grace and mercy of God.”

Key words: manifestation of servanthood, true Shiites, friends of God, true believers.


 

Jihadism; the Model of Qur'anic Action in the Face of New Media

Ali Reza Kalantar Mehrjerdi / PhD in Political Sociology, Allameh Tabataba'i University

kalantarmehrjardy975@yahoo.com

Hossein Solati / MA in Political Thought, Payam Noor University

hossein.solati1361@gmail.com

Received: 2018/01/16 - Accepted: 2018/04/23

 

Abstract

The present era is the age of modern communication technologies and media. the Iranian society is characterized with an increasing use of the modern media on the one hand, and has become a consumerist and a user of innovations on the other hand. As a progressive model, the concept of "jihadism" has four dimensions in this research: science, power, plan and self-jihadism, and it aims at facilitating progress in all areas related to Muslims’ lives. For a theoretical explanation of the issue, while relying on the Divine Word for the extraction of the model, the Parsons approach and theory of "reconciliation" is mentioned. According to this framework, the Iranian-Islamic society is considered a construction, and the new media have two positive and negative aspects. Based on the essence of strength and flexibility in the advancement of the Islamic society, the jihadist culture strives to prevent the negative impact of this arena on lifestyle. The present study shows that by using the model of jihadi action, one can preserve values and achieve social cohesion and active presence, and thus the desired progress in planning an Islamic lifestyle will be made possible.

Key words: Quran, jihad, jihadism, model, Islamic, modern media, lifestyle.


 

The Basics of Social Takaful in Islam

Seyyed Reza Hosseini / Assistant Professor, Hawza and University Research Center

srhoseini@rihu.ac.ir

Mostafa Kazemi Najafabadi / Assistant Professor, Hawza and University Research Center

mostafakazemi@rihu.ac.ir

Received: 2017/12/18 - Accepted: 2018/04/14

Abstract

"Social Justice" is a unique Islamic solution for tackling many social disorders, especially poverty and inequality. Today, with the emergence of deficiencies in market-oriented and state-oriented solutions, this solution has become more important. Undoubtedly, reviving this solution for contemporary Islamic societies and enjoying its benefits requires a proper understanding of the principles, fundamentals and basic rules of its function based on genuine Islamic sources and their up-to-date presentation. In order to achieve such a goal, this research has used a descriptive- analytical method to study, fairly comprehensively, the clear injunction of the verses, narrations and life of the infallible Imams. After extracting, categorizing and analyzing the related texts, this research has discovered and presented the basic features of the Islamic livelihood Takaful in doctrinal, moral and value aspects, the rules of generosity and seeking help as well as the political, economic and social norms.

Key words: social Takaful, basics, verses and narrations, Islamic economics.


 

The Influence of the Holy Quran on the Fundamentals of Islamic Civilization

Azar Anjom Sho’a’ / PhD Student of the History and Civilization of Islamic Nations, Islamic Azad University of Qom    a.anjom4839@gmail.com

Abuzar Mazaheri / Assistant Professor at Imam Khomeini Institute of Education and Research

mashrooteh@qabas.net

Received: 2017/11/29 - Accepted: 2018/04/21

Abstract

Using the descriptive-analytical method and library sources, the present study seeks to explain and examine the mechanisms of the influence of the Holy Qur'an on the intellectual foundations of Islamic civilization. This research shows that the verses of the Holy Quran, through affecting the wisdom and inneism of human beings, paved the way for gaining knowledge, brought about changes in the Arabic intellectual system and led to the emergence of Islamic culture. Following the Divine word prepared the ground for the economic, religious, scientific and artistic developments in the Muslim society and the formation of Islamic civilization in the first Hijri millennium.

Key words: Quran, thinking, Quranic culture, Islamic civilization.


 

A Review and Critique of the Idea of "Fewer Children, Better Life" in Contemporary Iranian Society with an Islamic Approach

Ali Malakutiniya / Ph.D. student of Quran and Hadith University   alim2200@gmail.com

Zeinab Saddat Nikouyee Ruzbehani / BA Student of Hadith Sciences, Quran and Hadith University

Z.sadat@mihanmail.ir

Received: 2017/11/08 - Accepted: 2018/04/19

Abstract

Recent demographic developments in Iran are mainly rooted in the beliefs, values and attitudes of couples towards childbearing, because decision about childbearing or being reluctant to have children is a meaningful act that does not occur randomly but is based on some assumptions and is influenced by some presuppositions. The purpose of this paper is to examine and evaluate the idea of "fewer children, better life", an idea that plays an important role in the reluctance of Iranian families to have children. Therefore, the authors seek to discover the origin of this thought, and the grounds and motives for its emergence and growth in the contemporary Iranian society. "The development of Malthusian ideas," "the growth of independence-seeking in women" and "the growth of extremist individualistic beliefs," are among the important reasons and motivations that the present study describes and reviews through a documentary approach and the descriptive-analytical method.

Key words: fewer children, better life, childbearing, population growth, population control, Malthusian ideas, women's independence-seeking, extreme individualism.


 

A Study of the Cultural Coordinates of the Social World of the Sacred Defense

Ali Akbar Biyari / Ph.D. in Cultural Sociology IKI              bovariyan@chmail.com

Received: 2017/10/05 - Accepted: 2018/03/16

Abstract

We are faced with a variety of social worlds. The cultural elements determine the type of social world. One of the social worlds is the social world of sacred defense, which was manifested by the Islamic warriors on the front lines of the imposed war. Benefiting from that social world in post-war society, especially for the elimination of social problems, requires depicting that social world in the form of its cultural elements. In this research, by referring to the authentic sources of the holy defense and using the content analysis method, the cultural coordinates of the sacred defense world are described in three layers. The fundamental layer includes deep and fundamental beliefs, such as belief in God and man. The second layer which is based on the first layer is the values that govern it, like rationality, Wilayat-orientedness and etc. The third layer includes the actions that dominate the fronts, which is based on the values that govern it. It is concluded that the social world of sacred defense has all the cultural elements that underpin the values and actions governing the battlefronts.

Key words: culture, sacred defense, social world.


 

The Psychology of Young Iranian Consumers Emphasizing the Role of the Brand of Products in Consumption

Heshmatollah Eskandari Asl / Lecturer at Management Department, Payam noor University

eskandari_h2008@yahoo.com

Yadgar Mohammadi Armandi / PhD Student of Public Management, Islamic Azad University of Dahaqan                                                                                           hosseinym94@yahoo.com

Lotfollah Abad / PhD Student of Public Management, Islamic Azad University of Dahaqan

Received: 2018/01/09 - Accepted: 2018/04/25

 

Abstract

This study compares the power of the relationships existing in the pattern of causes and consequences of dependency, considering the type of relationship between consumer and brand. In this research, five variables are considered as causes of dependency and five variables as outcomes of dependency. The research was conducted using quantitative research method, and a questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 864 students of business management. The findings show that the influence of variables on emotional and functional relationships have significant differences in the pattern of structural equations among some variables, such as love of brand, experience, reliability, satisfaction and etc., and among 7 paths of 18 paths. The results of this study help branding and marketing managers in understanding the behavior of Iranian consumers in the above- mentioned age group in relation to the production of dependency on brand. This research is a great opportunity to promote Iranian brands in the year of “support for Iranian products”.

 

Key words: consumer, emotional relationships, functional relationships, brand dependency, brand loyalty.


 

Reviewing the Physical Factors Affecting Privacy in Islamic City Housing with an Emphasis on the Manifestations of Islamic Traditional Architecture

 

Fatemeh Alaee Rahmany / Associate Professor at the Department of Quran and Hadith Sciences, , Alzahra University       f.alaee@alzahra.ac.ir

Fahimeh Gholaminejad MA in Quran and Hadith Sciences, Alzahra University

f.gholaminejad@student.alzahra.ac.ir

Sa’ide karbasi / MA in Quran and Hadith Sciences Alzahra University

saeidehkarbasi@gmai.com

Received: 2018/02/01 - Accepted: 2018/04/30

Abstract

Observing privacy in Islamic cities, especially in housing, is considered among the primary principles that are accepted by all researchers. Since numerous verses and hadiths have pointed out the necessity of providing privacy in housing, architects used to consider privacy in building traditional houses.. But nowadays, the entrance of Western modernity to Muslim countries has brought about changes in urban design  and contemporary housing that are inconsistent with Islamic beliefs. Thus, taking into account the Islamic beliefs, the purpose of the present study is to analyze the mechanisms that affect privacy in Iran’s traditional housing  and  can be implemented in contemporary housing and its updating. This research method is descriptive- analytical, and library-based research method (review of related literature) is used for data collection. Finally, we have come to the conclusion that updating and applying the Islamic factors in designing the architecture of contemporary houses with the purpose of providing peace and comfort in people's lives are architectural ways to develop the contemporary architecture of Iran. This way, a step will be taken to develop a lifestyle based on the Islamic worldview.  

 

Keywords: The Holy Quran, Islamic teachings, Islamic lifestyle, privacy in Islam, housing. 


 

Curriculum; an Effective Strategy in Student's Religious Socialization (with Emphasis on the Quality of its Elements)

Hassan Najafi / Ph.D. in Curriculum Studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University

hnajafih@yahoo.com

Ali Jalalzadeh / MA in Curriculum Studies, Shahed University        a1367jalalzade@gmail.com

Received: 2017/11/18 - Accepted: 2018/04/14

Abstract

"Religious socialization" is, in fact, part of the general process of socialization, and occurs as a part of the process of human development and perfection; however, based on  a scientific and justified definition, it is a process in which the individuals in a society gradually get familiar with  and learn the religious beliefs, deeds, duties, rituals, ceremonies, rites, values, norms and symbols of their society, and by internalizing them, they turn into religious people and transfer them from generation to generation. Nowadays, mainly the institution of education is responsible for socialization in all its aspects, since children in every society, spend most of their time in school and are in relation with it (homework assignments) from primary to high school. Accomplishing this great goal in the education institution requires a plan that is called curriculum in the literature of educational studies. This plan can contribute to achieving the institution’s goals if it is based on the value foundations, principles, and methods and culture of that country. Using a descriptive-analytical approach and library sources, the present paper explains the characteristics and quality of the elements of the curriculum effective in the religious socialization of students.

Key words: society, socialization, religious socialization, curriculum, quality of elements.