قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 

Intimacy with God and Avoiding Negligence
Ayatollah Allameh Mohammad Taghi Mesbah

This paper analyzes the traits and signs of the true believer and the righteous Shi'a in the words of Amir Al-Mu'minin Ali (a.s.). According to his holiness one of the other signs of the believers is that, "Even if he is found among those who forget (Allah) he is counted among those who remember (Him), but if he is among the rememberers he is not counted among the forgetful". This feature is also expressed in the previous parts of the sermon with other expressions. These all indicate that, the true Shi'a always commemorate God. Among the ways of remembering God are, connecting with Him, remembering the hereafter and the constant attention of the true believers in the Almighty God.
Keywords: intimacy with God, the hereafter, relationship with God, avoiding negligence.

An Investigation into the Principles of Ethical Education in Islamic Ethics

Seyyed Mahdi Husaini / Assistant Professor Qom University    mahdi1356@gmail.com
Received: 2018/05/30 - Accepted: 2018/12/02
Ethical education requires principles to provide the method of training for educating. There are also educational principles in Islamic ethics, but they are not considered as the principles of education. This paper seeks to study the principles of education in Islamic ethics in order to clarify the educational strategies of moral education for the educators of this field. Accordingly, focusing on the sources of Islamic ethics, a set of educational principles that have a greater role in this issue are studied in this paper. Most of the principles of education are based on the foundation of anthropology of education, which is considered in the sources of philosophical ethics. Religious anthropology indicates that, primitive creation (nature) that has been founded upon goodness, which itself impacts education, and the faculties of the soul and its characteristics and factors affecting their performance, can rectify the perspective of educators in the field of education.
Keywords: anthropology, education, principles of education, Islamic ethics.

An In-depth Analysis of the Impacts of Hereditary Traits on Moral Educationfrom the Viewpoint of Narrations

Roohollah Shahriari / M.A. in Educational Ethics Higher Institute of Ethics and Education    roohollah127@gmail.com
Hasan Najafi / PhD. in Curriculum studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University     hnajafih@yahoo.com
Received: 2018/05/09 - Accepted: 2018/10/29
There are many factors involved in the process of moral education, one of which is inheritance.
Investigating the role of inheritance in in man's moral upbringing, provides the condition for a desirable education and realizing educational methods and goals. Using a descriptive- analytical method this paper studies the impact of genetic traits on moral education from the viewpoint of the viewpoint of the Infallibles. Accordingly, the scopes of the human being whose heredity affects them, have been investigated. Then the relationship of these areas with moral education has been studied. The findings show that, everyone has inherited a certain memory, intelligence, the body and morals. On the other hand, analyzing the position of these dimensions in different areas of education, shows that, although inheritance plays a significant role in some areas of education, such as rational and physical education, in moral education, it is merely a provider, and it should be managed by using educational methods to manage the other genetic effects in moral education.
Keywords: hereditary traits, involved areas, moral education, impact of inheritance.

Moral Education with a Comparative Approach to the Rule of "Do not Inflict Injury"

Mohammad Ghodrati / M.A. in Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law Ardakan University     mohamad.ghoodrati1373@gmail.com
Husain Ghafouri Charkhabi / Assistant Professor, Jurisprudence and Law Department, Ardakan University    h.ghch@yahoo.com
Received: 2018/05/17 - Accepted: 2019/12/26
Using a descriptive-analytical method and focusing on the Holy Quran and the other ethical sources, this paper seeks to study the role of 'la zarar' rule "do not inflict injury" in the moral education of the parents and teachers with a comparative approach and a new approach to ethics and jurisprudence in the field of education to connect between the schools and parents. According to the rule of 'la zarar', all sorts of harm, including material, spiritual, mental and physical one is prohibited; because human dignity is one of the most important spiritual assets of the students. All  psychological harms and disrupting the dignity of the community are in contrast with the rule of 'la zarar'. The body and soul of children and students in families and schools should be protected from any harm. And their honoring and respecting are among their absolute rights. Teachers and parents are able to preserve the character of the children by adopting moral attributes, such as: honesty, humility, kindness, avoiding punishment; because eliminating their personality causes mental and spiritual difficulties, which can harm the community and people.
Keywords: the rule of do not inflict injury, moral education, spiritual harm, teachers, parents, family.

Attitudinal Factors of Tenency towards Unlawful Property from the Viewpoint of Islam

Majid Mustame / M.A. in Philosophy of Religion, IKI    mostame1370@chmail.ir
Husain Ahmadi / Assistant Professor Department of Philosophy IKI    hosseina5@yahoo.com
Received: 2018/08/07 - Accepted: 2019/03/10
Unlawful property is one of the most important factors of human deviation from the path of happiness and servitude. Using a descriptive-analytical method, and attracting the attention of
people to the view of Islam towards the forbidden property this paper is conducted. Islam has given much importance to the tendency of human beings towards the unlawful property. The lack of knowledge in God's essence and attributes and the lack of faith in the resurrection are among the factors of tendency towards forbidden property from the point of view of Islam. If the human being knows his lofty position in the creation, he will not be attracted to unlawful property. If a person is not aware of the lawful and unlawful ways of obtaining a property and the consequences of forbidden property, he may be attracted to the unlawful matters.
Keywords: unlawful property, attitudinal factors, tendency to forbidden property.

The Realm and Conditions of Tolerance in the Quran and Tradition

Seyyedeh Fateme Tabatabaee / Assistant Professor, Kerman Shahid Bahonar University     fatabatabaee@uk.ac.ir
Azam Askari Khanamani / M.A. in Theology and Islamic Studies, Kerman University    azam.askari52@gmail.com
Received: 2018/09/09 - Accepted: 2019/01/01
Today, some Muslims have been subject to extremism due to a lack of understanding of the Islamic teachings about tolerance, and have replaced violence with peaceful coexistence. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the conditions and the scope of tolerance from the viewpoint of Islam to enable us to adopt the correct behavioral approach in Islamic sources. Using a descriptive-analytical method, this paper studies the realm and conditions of tolerance in the Quran and tradition. The findings show that, the fulfillment of the conditions of tolerance depends on maintaining the religious principles and values, rejecting the oppressors, avoiding the opposition with the Divine limits, observing the rights of others and preserving the human dignity. The scope of tolerance is widespread in Islam, which includes, God's tolerance with humans, political tolerance, that's mean, tolerance with polytheists, hypocrites and critics, social tolerance, that's mean, tolerance with the People of the Books, ethnicities and nationalities, Islamic denominations, as well as tolerance with parents, spouses and children, and moral tolerance, that's mean, tolerance in the style of coverage, behavior and dealing with criminals.
Keywords: tolerance, the scope and conditions of tolerance, God's tolerance with the human being, political tolerance, moral tolerance, social tolerance.

The Importance and Virtue of Mediation in Marriage from the Viewpoit of the Quran and Traditions

Younes Eisuvand / M.A. in Quran and Hadith Sciences, Quran and Hadith University    y.eisvand@gmail.com
Mohammad Taqi Subhaninia / Assistant Professor, Quran and Hadith University    azam.askari52@gmail.com
Received: 2018/08/01 - Accepted: 2019/01/12
Mediation in marriage is one of the most effective ways to spread marriage and improve its uality in society. Reviving this well-known tradition requires the recognition of the importance and alue of mediation; which is the purpose of this paper that seeks to study its virtuous and status from the point of view of Islam, based on the Quran and traditions. Using a desk-research ad descriptive-analytical method, this paper is conducted. The research finding shows that, in
total, six verses of the Quran with five approaches refer to mediation in marriage: 1. Ordering mediation 2. Mediation as a pattern of Divine action 3. Introducing a mediation pattern in normal circumstances 4. Introducing mediation pattern in critical conditions 5. Explaining the effects of mediation in good works. In the same line, 20 narrations emphasized the importance and value of mediation in marriage. The narrations of mediation are divided into three general sections; I. Mediation as a natural right (considering the relationship between parents and children), II. Worldly and otherworldly rewards of mediation III. The consequences of neglecting the mediation.
Keywords: marriage, mediation in marriage, virtue of mediation, importance of mediation.

The Nature of Imam Ali (as)'s Piety  in the Viewpoint of Imam Khomeini

Nafiseh Sarmadi / Assistant Professor Islamic Philosophy and Theology Department Isfahan University     sarmadi.na58@gmail.com
Received: 2018/05/14 - Accepted: 2018/10/21
Piety is one of the important keywords in ethics. Using a descriptive-analytical method, this paper seeks to study this issue in the works of Imam Khomeini. In his works, three main indicators for piety are introduced, which is consistent with what we know from the Imam Ali (as) culture in this regard. The main point is that, the considering avoidance in the definition of piety, is the spiritual avoidance, not the physical one, that contrary to the popular perception, turns piety from the physical perception, into a physical-spiritual one. Accordingly, this ethical issue becomes a stimulus factor, which brings ascetic seriously into society to confront with the social problems. The ontological viewpoint of Imam Khomeini is one of the pillars of this definition of piety and ascetic. As a Sadraie philosopher, he portrays a picture of the universe and man and the philosophy of life, which also affects the moral concept. Piety in this view is active, not passive.
Keywords: ascetic, dynamics, knowledge, ontology, anthropology, Imam Khomeini